CHILDREN AND VISION

The eyes of both children and adults require attention, but special care should be taken when it comes to children. Their eyes are still developing and vision does not fully develop until the age of six to eight. Regular eye examinations have a preventative function, as early detection of a deviation from normal vision can most likely be treated before the child starts school.

Adequate visual acuity is necessary for doing well in school, their hobbies and handling everyday tasks. It is recommended to take the child to an eye doctor at the ages of six months, three years and before starting school. If everything is fine and the child does not feel any changes, their vision should be checked once every two years. In Estonia, children are usually examined by doctors. Optometrists examine already developed vision or prescribe a repeated eyeglass prescription. We recommend taking your child to an eye doctor the first time.

The most common vision problems in children are crossed eyes (strabismus), lazy eye (amblyopia), far-sightedness (hyperopia), short-sightedness (myopia) and astigmatism.

Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are not aligned straight, i.e. one or both eyes are off-centre. This is caused by muscular imbalance or a visual disorder (far- or short-sightedness). Until three months of age, this can be natural because the muscles that move the eyes are still weak and the child is unable to fix their gaze. If crossing is constant, a doctor should be consulted. Eyeglasses, surgery or eye exercises are used to treat strabismus.

Amblyopia or lazy eye is the blurred vision in one or both eyes that cannot be corrected with eyeglasses in the case of a fully developed eye. However, if low visual acuity or poor eye coordination is detected when the child’s eye is still in its developmental stage, before the age of seven, the treatment gives better results. Amblyopia can be congenital and occurs due to insufficient stimulation of the vision system during the development of an eye, because an unclear image is formed on the retina or the formation of a clear image is obstructed (strabismus, congenital cataract, eye tumour, retina anomaly). Treatment includes eyeglasses, wearing an eye patch on one eye or surgery.

Far-sightedness, short-sightedness and astigmatism are visual disorders that cause distant or close objects to appear blurry. This is due to a mismatch between the eye size and refraction of light. If an eye is anatomically healthy, this is considered a special characteristic of the eye not a disease and the issue is corrected with eyeglasses.

Children react differently to eyeglasses: some are very happy with their new glasses, while others feel insecure. Therefore, the child should be encouraged and some patience exercised because wearing glasses is necessary for the child’s well-being. When choosing glasses for a child, attention should be paid to the good fit of the frames, as a child’s nose is flatter and the glasses do not sit as firmly as on adults. Special flexible frames with handles that attach to the back of the ear are also designed for toddlers. We recommend choosing plastic lenses because they are lighter and shatter-proof, thus being more comfortable and safe for the child. For an active child, we recommend Trivex eyeglass lenses that are shatter-proof or impact resistant and ensure the safety of the eyes even in the most extreme situations.

Poor learning outcomes can sometimes be vision-related. A child with eye problems may not be interested in books, pictures or learning in general and may be sluggish. Watching the TV or reading books up close can also be a sign of a vision disorder.

In our shops you will find a wide selection of eyeglass frames both for boys and girls. Our customers say that we have the best selection of children’s eyeglass frames.